目的 对高校学生抑郁症患者的认知功能进行对比研究。方法 随机抽取高校抑郁症患者共100例，研究时间为2018年1月到2020年1月，设为观察组，选取同时期无抑郁症的学生100例设为对照组，对两组学生的认知功能进行对比。结果 除无意义图像再认之外，对照组学生的临床记忆量表各项评分均高于观察组，两组数据对比差异显著（P<0.05），两组的无意义图像再认评分对比无显著区别（P>0.05）。对照组学生的WSCT总测验次数、持续错误数和随即错误数均少于观察组，DST分数高于观察组，两组数据对比差异显著（P>0.05）。结论 高校抑郁症学生均存在明显的认知功能降低的情况，且伴随记忆力下降和社会功能降低，对学生们的学习和身心健康十分不利，临床应关注高校抑郁症学生，给予其更多关爱，促进学生们的健康发展。
Objective To compare the cognitive function of college students with depression. Methods A total of 100 patients with depression in colleges and universities were randomly selected. The research time was from January 2018 to January 2020. They were set as the observation group, and 100 students without depression during the same period were selected as the control group. function for comparison. Results Except for the recognition of meaningless images, the scores of the clinical memory scale of the students in the control group were all higher than those in the observation group, and there was a significant difference in the data between the two groups (P<0.05). Significant difference (P>0.05). The total number of WSCT tests, the number of continuous errors and the number of random errors of the students in the control group were lower than those in the observation group, and the DST scores were higher than those in the observation group, with significant differences between the two groups (P>0.05). Conclusion Depressed students in colleges and universities have obvious cognitive function decline, which is accompanied by memory decline and social function decline, which is very detrimental to students' learning and physical and mental health. Clinical attention should be paid to college students with depression, and more care should be given to them. Promote the healthy development of students.
Key words： College students; Depression; cognitive function; Comparative study
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